Kidney Stone RemovalKidney Stone is one of the most common urological disorders. It is most often seen in male as compare to female. The recent studies show that a million kidney stone cases are diagnosed annually. It however occurs in small children as well.
Kidney stone is the Hardened crystalline mineral formed in the kidney or urinary tract. It is known as Nephrolithiasis in medical terms. Kidney stones are formed due to decrease in urine volume or if there is excess of stone forming substances in the urine. Dehydration is one of the main reason for the formation of kidney stone. Kidney stones are one of the most painful medical conditions.
Signs and Symptoms• Pain and burn while urinating
• Foul smelling urine
Diagnosis of kidney stonesDiagnosis of kidney stone is generally done with the help of radiological tools like an ultrasound and x-rays. Following are the tests used to confirm the presence of kidney stones
• Kidney Function Test • Complete Blood Count • CT Urography
• Urine Routine & Microscopy
• abdominal X-rays
• abdominal CT scan
• MRI of the abdomen and kidneys
Treatments for Kidney Stone
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)In this process, the patient is given spinal anesthesia. The surgeon then makes incisions through an Instrument called a nephoscope from the back to the kidney The surgeon then inserts A telescope along with the mechanical lithotripter to break the stone into fine particles
LithotripsyAnother method to treat kidney stone is Lithotripsy. It uses a strong sound wave from outside the body in order to break the large kidney stones into small particles, which can be passed through urine. This type of treatment is suitable for all the age group
UreteroscopyUreteroscopy is a type of treatment to remove stone that is stuck in the ureter or bladder through an instrument called a ureteroscope. A small wire basket along with the camera is inserted into the lower ureter via the bladder. A small cage grabs the stone and pulls the stone. There is a small risk of infection, bleeding, or injury to the ureter
MedicationMinor Stone and the pain can also be treated by some medications. Intake of some antibiotics will help to cure the infection present. The surgeon would first try to treat with the medication and observe accordingly if still the pain continues he would then suggest to undergo a surgery
Reasons for Kidney stoneThere are many factors that cause kidney stones. People between the age group of 20 and 40 generally face this problem. The chances of kidney stone is most likely in men than women. The factors that cause kidney stones are
• Drinking less water/ Dehydration
• If any of your family has kidney stones, there are chances you may develop stones too.
• High intake of protein, sodium and sugar increases the chances of kidney stone.
• Gastric bypass surgery
• Taking medications such as calcium-based antacids